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The following news articles are geared toward students and other professionals.
Landscape Architecture
Hokksund Middle School by Østengen & Bergo Landskapsarkitekter Print E-mail
Monday, 06 February 2017 08:39
Hokksund-middle-school-park-design-02Østengen & Bergo landskapsarkitekter: The site is limited, flat terrain with no particular sight to the surrounding landscape. However, the site is surrounded by a row of large, beautiful linden trees towards Rådhusgate in east, and nice hawthorns in south. In west, the site borders to a railway on a landfilling, 3 m above the […] Add a comment
 
Hokksund Middle School by Østengen & Bergo Landskapsarkitekter Print E-mail
Monday, 06 February 2017 08:39
Hokksund-middle-school-park-design-02Østengen & Bergo landskapsarkitekter: The site is limited, flat terrain with no particular sight to the surrounding landscape. However, the site is surrounded by a row of large, beautiful linden trees towards Rådhusgate in east, and nice hawthorns in south. In west, the site borders to a railway on a landfilling, 3 m above the […] Add a comment
 
The Grand Ensemble Park – Alfortville by Espace Libre Print E-mail
Friday, 03 February 2017 09:23
© Julien FalsimagneEspace Libre: The «Grand Ensemble» neighborhoods in France had been planned on the basis of the principles of the Athens Charter. The application of these principles led to the realization of an amount of ambiguous open spaces, where the common areas weren’t clearly organized in public and private spaces. A strong and innovative design of […] Add a comment
 
Clean Water for Everyone Who Lives in a City Print E-mail
Thursday, 02 February 2017 22:16
Water Infrastructure / Columbia University Press
Water Infrastructure / Columbia University Press

Water Infrastructure: Equitable Deployment of Resilient Systems is an important, timely book. Synthesized from discussions leading up to Habitat III, the United Nations conference on housing and sustainable urban development, held in Quito, Ecuador last October, the book explains how to better provide clean water to everyone in the world’s cities by making water systems more equitable and resilient to shocks. A perfunctory foreword by Kate Orff, ASLA, demonstrates how refreshingly unpretentious this book is: lines crammed together, a minor typo halfway through, as if to say, who cares about formatting? Get the ideas out there.

With that, Water Infrastructure, written by Columbia University professors S. Bry Sarte and Morana Stipisic, hits the ground running. What threatens the sources of clean water in cities? The authors offer a highly-visual drive-by tour of the risks: water pollution, sea level rise, terrestrial flooding, drought, and failing infrastructure. The tremendous speed of urbanization increases the risks and leaves us in need of better solutions.

Water Infrastructure doesn’t offer sure-fire solutions, but does provide exciting real-world innovations. These innovations aren’t just technological, but fall into the realms of ecology, finance, and equity. All share a similar DNA: they’re decentralized, adaptable, and rational.

The book diagrams which innovations can be applied to specific risks. Confronted with aging infrastructure? Integrated micro-infrastructure centers (IMICs) could help. These are modular water systems that can stand alone or complement aging infrastructure. They can be tailored to local conditions and mitigate damage in case of a centralized system’s failure. IMICs are an ideal response to aging infrastructure, but one can see how they could help reduce water pollution by reducing the overall load on a system.

emory-waterhub
Emory University’s IMIC reduces the load on public water infrastrucuture / Water Infrastructure

Landscape architects will be familiar with the ecological innovations Water Infrastructure touts. “The integration of high performance ecology in an urban context” (the unartful name of one innovation) covers both hard and soft coastal buffers, floodable parks and public spaces, and methods for reducing the urban heat island effect. It’s a concern, though, that these items are considered innovations, with the edginess that label connotes, and not standard practice. But one should consider that 20 years ago, at the time of the Habitat II conference, these ideas were fringe at best. Resilient and sustainable landscape design has come a long way.

What constitutes a financial innovation? New ways of sourcing money, and new sources of said money. This section is a bit light. And some of the innovations’ intent could be compromised through privatization. The authors make two useful suggestions: encourage community-based implementation of water infrastructure, akin to Grameen Bank’s model, and use public health benefits to drive funding for these systems.

Innovations in equity, leadership, and governance pick up where these community-centric ideas leave off. The authors’ key policy suggestions here include designing legal and financial systems for community ownership of water infrastructure. The authors write that the “personality of a community can be expressed by the choice of infrastructure and its implementation.” More than that, communities would hold a vested interest in that infrastructure, which would likely lead to greater appreciation and upkeep.

A noteworthy recommendation is leveraging infrastructure’s “cool factor” to create more of it. This is an astonishing comment on the state of things, that plumbing can be art. Any yet it’s increasingly the case, with examples such as Google’s data Center in Douglas County, Georgia, and Ned Kahn’s Cloud Portal in San Francisco.

google-pipes
Google’s data center in Georgia uses recycled water for cooling operations. / Georgia Globe Design News

Leveraging coolness in a project isn’t always possible. And this recommendation, while alluring, shouldn’t overshadow the book’s other solid and potentially transforming ideas. But its inclusion shows that the authors and participants of Habitat III have considered all aspects of water infrastructure and are excited to share their findings.


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Dans ma benne benne benne by DIENTRE! Print E-mail
Wednesday, 01 February 2017 17:07
© Arnaud ManneheutThe project proposes the development of a large homogeneous area, perceptible as a unified entity within the existing walls. This posture establishes an easy and strong identification of the temporary parking, without any fragmentation of space. The simplicity of treatment of the whole surface offers a control of the budget as well as a certain […] Add a comment
 
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Copyright © 2017. Robert Hewitt | Clemson University professor of Landscape Architecture.
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