Location: Eggum, Lofoten Islands, Norway
area: 5500 m2
Project is a part of a ‘National tourist routes‘ project.
In winter 2004 Snøhetta won the concurrent design at Eggum, which is part of the Norwegian Public Roads Administration’s E10 tourist route project through the dramatic and beautiful landscape of Lofoten. The task was to solve the traffic situation around Kvalhausen, which attracts many campervans, cars and a few buses during the midnight sun season. In addition, a service building was to be designed to suit this unique site. The site relates to the open sea as well as the tall mountains.
Snøhetta’s project won with its sensitive approach to the surroundings and its strong focus on preserving and developing the qualities of the surroundings as the main attraction rather than simply creating an architectural attraction.
The project consists of a service building within an amphitheatre which also allows room for car parking. Outside the amphitheatre there are two separate areas with dedicated spaces for campervans. Gabion walls were used throughout the site to define the parking space and to create a unifying effect.
The terrain itself has determined the location of the areas for campervans, parking for cars and the positioning of the service building itself. An existing excavation in the hill has been used to locate the service building and car parking. The campervans have been located in such a way that every parked vehicle will have a view of the sea.
The building itself has two main volumes. A concrete volume fitted into the terrain contains area for toilet facilities and a wooden volume which holds a multi-purpose room with a small kitchen.
Materials used in the project are to a large extend local. All the gabions have been filled with stone from the excavation for the building. Gravel and sand were separated out and used as back fill. This corresponds well with the ruins of the radar station above which have walls also built of morainic stone. The wooden volume is clad both inside and outside with thick planking of driftwood gathered from a beach a few hundred metres from the building. The same applies to the roof. The planks vary in width and are untreated so as to achieve a natural patina. The interior floor of the multi purpose room is of polished and oiled concrete. The emphasis has been on using rough, natural materials through consistent detailing.
A great series of videos recapping recent green roof info is found at Greenroofs.tv - an offshoot of the always great Greenroofs.com. Specific projects, as well as the 'week in review' will get you up to date on what's happening in green roofs and walls.
So grab some popcorn and check out the array of 20 videos on their YouTube page - you'll find a wealth of information. Also, they are asking for contributions of videos from viewers. Details are found on the site.
Announcement of the 'largest' of anything seems to come with skepticism - as in don't tell me it's the biggest, tell me it will work - particularly when discussing living walls. From Inhabitat, this project, at the e Longwood Garden’s new East Conservatory Plaza with an impressive 4,000+ s.f.f. of wall surface, was designed by Kim Wilkie using G-Sky vegetated panels.
More from the Inhabitat post: "The majority of the astonishing 47,000 plants are ferns, which are embedded in a non-soil growth medium. Remote operated drip line irrigation and an array of sensors maintain the plants to help ensure quality control and longevity of the plants. The wall essentially acts like a filter and lung for the complex. An estimated 15,500 lbs of dust and toxins will be removed from the air each year, and the more visitors, the more CO2 for the plants to metabolize and exchange for O2."
A curious quote building on the 'array of sensors' in the previous quote: "...it was designed by GSky to be fully automated so that maintenance is reduced." I'd love to hear more about this 'automation' - is this something significant, or a standard system of moisture sensors and controls? As maintenance is a major issue (particularly in irrigation systems for living walls) such reduction of maintenance. How much is it reduced. If it is significant, this fact may be more impressive than this project being the largest in North America, which is at best a fleeting accomplishment. Lower maintenance is a panacea.
Wow, Sting is on board - it must be viable. Despommier's The Vertical City is now available, with an oh-so-modest subtitle 'Feeding the World in the 21st Century'. Can't wait to read it - for a sneak peek check out some info on CityFarmer.